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Prejudices are everywhere—yet most of us think that we, of course, are not subject to them. We believe we are better than that, we can look beyond a person’s skin colour, religion or gender.
A talk on gender in the work place at the Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI) in Wallingford, United Kingdom, the parent organisation of SciDev.Net, showed that this is not the case. Anne Glover, a microbiologist at the University of Strathclyde and CABI board member, asked the multi-cultural audience of highly educated men and women what words they associated with the terms “boy” or “girl”.
A digital vote showed that the most common word people thought of when they thought of boys was “strong”. For girls, it was “pretty”.
These prejudices follow women everywhere, including in the work place. That’s why Glover and Ruth Oniang’o, also a CABI board member and professor of food science at the University of Nairobi, urged women to pay attention to the power structures around them.
“It is really important to understand subconscious bias in the work environment and be aware of the prejudices that are there,” Glover said. “You need to find out how decisions are made – men do not always deliberately exclude women, but the traditional power structures were built for them.”
Glover gave an example of how she was overlooked for a position on her then-university’s finance committee, as the decision to fill the post was made during an informal chat between two male committee members in the bathroom. However, Glover added it was important to put oneself forward for leadership positions and challenge such power structures. In response to missing out on the committee post, she urged the university to advertise all such positions officially, which solved the problem.
“If you assume a victim mentality, you will not persevere,” she told the audience.
Oniang’o faced different challenges in her career path. Even as a child, when she excelled at maths in school, she had to defend herself from the boys in her class, who could not accept her success. When the boys followed her after school and taunted her, she climbed a tree and threw stones at them.
“I was beating them in class, and I had to beat them physically on the way home,” she says.
Ruth Oniang’o talks about being bullied by boys in her class after excelling at maths.
Oniang’o drew attention to the fact that many women face additional burden on top of gender prejudices, such as caring for family members and children. She pointed out that this makes it necessary for women to always think of several things at once—kids, husbands, household duties, their appearance—which can dig away at their self-confidence.
“Women always question themselves and their worth,” she said. “This even impacts their appearance and their demeanour. But men never act like anything is wrong.”Both women emphasised that they had found role models—male and female—who had helped them in their careers. They urged women to remain confident and positive, and not take rejection personally.
“Men get rejected all the time, and just leap on to the next challenge,” Glover said. “I had to change my way of thinking. Rather than being disappointed for not getting a job, I just told myself: ‘Ok, where shall I look next?’”