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Humankind's long history of exploiting wild living resources — particularly through hunting — may help inform the prevailing way of thinking about conservation.

In this article Martyn Murray of the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom, examines historical examples of unsustainable hunting. He states that a number of factors are commonly associated with such events, including vulnerability of animals, new technology and trade.

Murray concludes that conservationists wishing to reduce unsustainable hunting have two options: either make animals harder to market through restrictions on access, trade and the use of modern technology, or provide resource users with a great sense of ownership. He also calls for more emphasis on the role of indigenous peoples in sustaining wildlife resources.

Link to Science article

Reference: Science 299, 1851 (2003)

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