One of the UN Millennium Development Goals was to halve the number of people who suffer from hunger by 2015. And so far, no global catastrophe in food security has transpired. But are existing policies going to meet future needs?
In this article, Mark Rosegrant and Sarah Cline of the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, DC, say that a number of challenges have not been factored in to these policies. Not only has crop yield growth slowed, but climate change and the HIV/AIDS epidemic will hit developing countries hard.
Rosegrant and Cline call for reforms that will address the full array of problems faced by poorer countries. Only by boosting education and rural infrastructure, alleviating poverty, managing water more effectively and protecting the environment can policies hope to improve agricultural practice in the developing world.
Reference: Science 302, 1917 (2003)