China has made great progress in basic science and technological innovation, says the country's premier Wen Jiabao, and is among the top nations for the annual number of international scientific papers published and patent applications filed.
Wen says the key to maintaining this success lies in attracting a range of young scientific talents and helping them to flourish.
The government's Mid- to Long-Term Plan for Development of Science and Technology (2006–2020) prioritises research in energy, water resources and environmental protection. It will be supported by the rational allocation of public resources, restructured scientific research and institutional reforms that advocate free academic debate.
Wen says that China's efforts in science and technology must be better integrated with the rest of the world, while still maintaining China's cultural identity.
He adds that economic and social development must rely on science and technology, writing "we will rely on science and technology to promote economic restructuring, transform development patters, safeguard food and energy security, and address global climate change".