Experts highlight report that calls for researchers, funders and policymakers to merge their separate efforts.
Those who champion science should start planning how to deliver improvements in African higher education now.
Diplomats say both challengers are coming across as credible alternatives to the incumbent, reports Yojana Sharma.
To measure overall impact, it is best to focus on intermediate outcomes where links are clearer, says Giel Ton.
Low-income countries have much expertise for sustainable development but need good organisation, a group reports.
Local people need a say in the science that will back the post-2015 development agenda, argues David Dickson.