In 2005 the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) set up a network of eight Nanomedicine Development Centers to form the NIH Nanomedicine Roadmap Initiative. The collaborative centres are staffed by multidisciplinary research teams including biologists, physicians, mathematicians, engineers and computer scientists. The recently completed first phase of the NIH programme was designed to investigate the chemical and physical properties of nanoscale biological structures. The next phase will be to use this understanding to treat disease.


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