This report by UNCTAD analyses three case studies of 'best practices' in the acquisition of foreign technologies and the development of technological capabilities in developing countries. Through these three cases: pharmaceuticals in India, automobiles in South Africa and aircrafts in Brazil, the report provides evidence of developing countries which were able to develop new industrial sectors and successfully compete in the international markets.

The report concludes that government policy and market discipline played a mutually supportive role in both the development of the industries and the technological capabilities of enterprises. It also stresses that although no easily transferable blueprints for country policy or strategy could be derived from these successful experiences, the three cases provide guidelines on the types of measures and policy instruments that might assist developing countries in making their industries competitive in the world market.


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