The purpose of this toolkit is to offer guidance to groups or development practitioners who collaborate closely with communities, on researching and implementing climate adaptation coalitions. It says that using the Adaptation Coalition Framework can build capacity for the informed participation of local communities in decision-making. This is critical because climate change impacts are likely to be variable, longer-term and difficult to predict, yet have unique local effects because of the socioeconomic and environmental conditions of every community.

The toolkit outlines a series of steps towards building coalitions, starting with exchange of knowledge and moving on to information gathering, feedback and planning, and finally coalition strengthening. It provides information on how to train local community adaptation teams to continue the work over the long-term, and how to report back findings to a community. The report identifies the resources and time commitments needed, and elements likely to make coalitions successful, such as having a collective goal.