Insecticide-treated bednets can kill mosquitoes and are central to the Roll Back Malaria partnership's strategy for preventing malaria. But the nets are not yet accessible to many of those who need them. This document highlights discussions from a workshop in May 2003 on how to best use public funds to make these nets widely available. Participants included representatives of African health ministries and national malaria control programmes, major donors, non-governmental organisations and the private sector. The report summarises lessons learned using different strategies to subsidise the purchase of treated bednets. These include long-term targeted subsidies for the most vulnerable groups — pregnant women and children — as well as short-term subsidies to supply and support viable commercial markets. The report is intended to help countries assess their own needs and plan appropriately.

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