Part of a special supplement published in Nature in 2004, this article describes possible solutions for the control of mosquitoes as malaria vectors. The difficulties of scaling up and sustaining access to insecticide-treated nets, and the presence of insecticide-resistant mosquitoes, means that many people remain at risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. Solutions that could become reality within ten years include new insecticides that attack the mosquito in different ways or prevent resistance from developing, and releasing genetically modified mosquitoes that cannot breed or carry the malaria parasite.


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