This report, published by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN and Policy Innovation Systems for Clean Energy Security (PISCES), presents fifteen case studies of small-scale bioenergy initiatives across Africa, Asia and Latin America.

The authors assess to what extent these initiatives are both providing clean and convenient energy access in developing countries, as well as supporting rural livelihoods.

The case studies focus on a range of bioenergy resources including forestry, agriculture and industrial activities used to meet local energy needs such as cooking, lighting and communication.

The authors conclude that small initiatives can, in some instances, improve energy efficiency as well as increase employment, promote economic growth and improve standards of living. But they highlight concerns with corruption and a lack of local governance.