Despite its rapidly growing economy, India maintains the stance of a developing country in international climate change negotiations, reluctant to commit to emission reduction strategies. This speech is an early and important example of how India's stance has been expressed and shaped during the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations leading to the Kyoto Protocol. It was delivered by former Minister of Environment and Forests Saifuddin Soz in 1997 to COP-3 in Kyoto.

Soz outlines two key messages. Developed countries must accept adequate commitments to reduce their emissions, and developing countries should be assisted in building their capacity through transfer of financial and technological resources from developed countries. Almost a decade later, these messages are as pertinent as ever.