This brief, based on an ESMAP report published in 2005, provides a roadmap for developing countries considering large-scale biofuels production.

It proposes sugarcane ethanol as the most commercially viable option, and draws on Brazil's experience to show what has made their industry successful, as well as listing eight conditions that foster success in ethanol production. These include adequately educating farmers, establishing good roads and developing a communication infrastructure.

Although almost 100 countries have started to grow sugarcane, none have yet matched Brazil's success. This brief outlines steps for a global evolution of biofuels production, and suggests ways in which governments can help.


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