The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) annual Human Development Report for 2001 examines the critical — and not always straightforward — relationship between technology and development. It focuses on the global and national policies that are necessary to promote the benefits of technologies to development while mitigating new risks that might follow them.

The report stresses that while technologies may provide opportunities for development, they can also be a source of further exclusion for developing countries. The paper includes a Technology Advancement Index of advanced and developing countries that illustrates the lack of capacity in developing countries not only for innovation and access to technologies, but in education and skills necessary to use technologies efficiently. The report concludes that in order to increase the benefits of technologies for developing countries, innovations in national and global policies need to keep pace with and reflect technological innovation.  


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