How to Feed the World in 2050
This report, published by the Food and Agriculture Organization, assesses the state of food security in the context of climate change and increased biofuel production. To meet future needs, food production will have to increase by 70 per cent by 2050.
The report argues that, although more food can be produced, increasing production is not enough to achieve food security. Policies to fight rural poverty and social safety nets are also needed. Economic growth in the agricultural sector is particularly important, being twice as effective in benefiting the poorest as growth in other sectors.
Achieving a 70 per cent growth in food production means investment in developing country agriculture will have to increase by at least 60 per cent. More priority must also be given to agricultural research, development and extension services.
The global trading system also needs to be fairer to allow effective international trade and access to stable supplies of imports.