This paper reports on national coral reef management plans developed in Pacific Island countries by consultation between scientists and policymakers. Reef experts re-visited these projects one year after initial consultation to evaluate their progress. The outcome of this evaluation, and a literature review, are also included in the report.

The project targeted four countries heavily dependent on coral reefs: Fiji, Samoa, Tonga and Tuvalu. For each country, two-day workshops followed the development of a national dossier that included a series of issues considered in developing coral reef plans, such as fisheries and potential impacts of climate change. The results show variable progress between the four countries, and a need to improve collaboration between government departments and ensure that management systems are sustainable. All countries lacked an overarching policy, as well as the human resources needed to implement their national plans and meet the challenge of translating policies into actions that lead to sustainable management of coastal ecosystems.