This discussion paper examines the impact of policy intruments to stregthen the demand of technology on technological learning and research and development investments in industry. It focuses specifically on advances in vaccines technology in India. The central argument is that national and international procurement should be reconsidered to ensure both an adequate supply and positive technological development. Its conclusion is that procurement programmes of international organisations rather than national procurement policies provides an opportunity for improvements in both the technology and institutions involved, although gaps in capability may remain.


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