This policy brief, prepared for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), addresses the new agendas for policy in agricultural research as well as the institutional innovations that are emerging to address these agendas. The brief begins by outlining the origin of existing agricultural research systems in developing countries, and their original objectives. It then highlights the new policy agendas in agricultural research, such as poverty, environment, stakeholder participation, public-private partnerships and balanced research agendas, covering both novel research and efforts to adapt to existing technologies. It then addresses the types of policy responses and institutional innovations that have emerged in response to these new policy issues. Finally, the paper suggests how to analyse the institutional roles and relationships in agricultural research, and looks into the possible development of an Indian agricultural innovation system.


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