The ICRW has produced a concise overview that explains, in non-specialist terms, the strategy of preventing mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. highlights the role of the community in its success, and emphasises that infection of babies can occur before, during or after birth, including from breast milk.

The document looks at obstacles to preventing MTCT, including  access to antiretroviral drugs, and the need for counselling and support for the decision to switch to breast milk alternatives. It also underlines the importance of eliminating stigma and discrimination against HIV-infected women. Five key steps to creating an effective MTCT prevention programme are offered.


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