The threat of climate change is perceived differently by different countries. This informal working paper, commissioned by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), comments on the key interactions between climate change and sustainable development in India. After outlining the risks climate change poses to India, it describes some of the national efforts that have been taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including the promotion of renewable energy, carbon sequestration through afforestation programmes and price reforms for improving energy efficiency. The final section considers the options available to India for mitigating climate change and includes a cost-benefit analysis.