This report from the US-based National Bureau of Asian Research takes an unusual look at the HIV/AIDS situation in the Muslim world, highlighting the poor surveillance and inadequate knowledge of the extent of HIV/AIDS. The Muslim world encompasses more than 30 countries across Europe, North Africa and Asia, and consists of more than one billion people. The same behaviours that are responsible for fuelling the spread of HIV/AIDS elsewhere also exist in the Muslim world — pre-marital sex, homosexuality and intravenous drug use. But many countries with predominantly Muslim populations continue to deny that such behaviours occur, and do not support surveillance or prevention efforts, with the notable exceptions of Iran and Bangladesh.


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