This IAVI policy document advocates the need to ensure global access to future HIV vaccines. It starts from the premise that true access cannot be assumed for people living in the poorest nations or who belong to high risk groups.

IAVI's five-point action plan demands that any future vaccine be introduced simultaneously in both the industrialised North and developing South, that the necessary infrastructure be created to administer and monitor vaccines, and that vaccine development and distribution is funded by partnerships between the private and public sector.