In recent years, case studies of countries' experiences of adapting to the impacts of climate change have begun to emerge. This paper is a summary of a presentation given at the 2006 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change African Workshop on Adaptation and outlines adaptation planning experiences from Tanzania.

After background information and a summary of environmental stresses and the regulatory context in Tanzania, the paper outlines in detail the types of adaptation strategies the country is implementing. 

The paper highlights that many adjustments are necessary at an international, national and local level. Adaptation to climate change, the authors demonstrate, can mean anything from fortifying early warning systems and regulating water rights to using local seed varieties for their drought-resistant characteristics.

The brief provides an accessible and hands-on summary of adaptation activities in Tanzania and should be useful to practitioners in developing and developed countries alike.