India's economy is booming and so is its research and development sector. But although Indian scientists have achieved much in the past 15 years, some key obstacles remain.
Nature has gathered a collection of articles focusing on these issues.
Included are features on India's biotechnology sector, the search for drugs based on traditional medicine, and whether India can handle the increasing number of clinical trials being undertaken there.
The articles touch on the bureaucracy that hinders research in India, the gap between research and teaching, conflicts between funding agencies, and the need to increase innovation to sustain the growth of India's biotechnology sector.