Bringing science and development together through news and analysis

Climate change threatens India’s native plants
  • Climate change threatens India’s native plants

Copyright: Flickr/Curt Carnemark/World Bank

Speed read

  • Study suggests that even moderate climate change will impact India’s endemic flora

  • India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world

  • Assisted migration to protected areas may save endemic plants

Shares
[NEW DELHI] If India is to save hundreds of endemic plant species from extinction as a result of climate change it may need to resort to interventions such as assisted migration and expansion of existing protected areas, says a new study.

Vishwas Sudhir Chitale, researcher at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and corresponding author of the study, published last month (December) in PLoS One, explains that endemic plants are found in particular geographical regions of the world and not anywhere else. 

With 2010 as the base year, the study used computer models to predict the future distribution of 637 endemic plant species in three biodiversity hotspots in India — Himalaya, Western Ghats and Indo-Burma — for the years 2050 and 2080. The projected changes suggest that these species will be adversely impacted, even in a moderate climate change scenario.

According to the study’s findings, future distribution is likely to shift to the northern and north-eastern direction in the Himalaya and Indo-Burma hotspots and in the southern and south-western directions in Western Ghats hotspots, due to cooler climatic conditions in these regions.

Human populations pose risks to these hotspots by over-logging, burning, grazing, mining and commercial hunting that degrade natural resources, abet biological invasion or pollute soil and water resources, the study notes.

The model used in the study predicts a 23.99 per cent range reduction and a 7.70 per cent range expansion in future distribution by 2050. By 2080 there will be a 41.34 per cent range reduction and a 24.10 per cent range expansion.

“Assisted migration, enhanced protection measures, modification of existing protected area network and other methods would help conserve these plants,” Chitale tells SciDev.Net.

K. N. Ganeshaiah, professor at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, says that migration happens naturally and suitable habitats also shift. “Accordingly those (endemic) species also need to shift their distributional range (migrate) to newly suitable habitats,” he tells SciDev.Net.

The habitats of endemic species could shrink in some places or expand to newer zones by natural adaptation to climate change and the results of the studies do not indicate interventions such as replanting to safer zones, Ganeshaiah says.  

India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world and has about 11 per cent of the world's flora concentrated in about 2.4 per cent of the global land mass.

> Link to the study in PLoS One

This article has been produced by SciDev.Net's South Asia desk.


Republish
We encourage you to republish this article online and in print, it’s free under our creative commons attribution license, but please follow some simple guidelines:
  1. You have to credit our authors.
  2. You have to credit SciDev.Net — where possible include our logo with a link back to the original article.
  3. You can simply run the first few lines of the article and then add: “Read the full article on SciDev.Net” containing a link back to the original article.
  4. If you want to also take images published in this story you will need to confirm with the original source if you're licensed to use them.
  5. The easiest way to get the article on your site is to embed the code below.
For more information view our media page and republishing guidelines.