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The promises and challenges of biofuels for the poor in developing countries

Energy demands are rising, and most of this demand will come from outside the OECD by 2015.

This report outlines how developing country farmers can exploit biofuels' potential, including producing ethanol from crop residues and growing energy crops on land unsuitable for producing food.

It analyses bioenergy's effects on global food sources, showing how incomes, and thus food security, could improve.

Developing an industry that benefits poor, small-scale farmers is a challenge. The authors highlight the need for management and regulation at all levels, from local communities to policymakers, as well as ensuring technologies are transferred.