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Public-Private Sector Interaction in the Indian Agricultural Research System: An Innovation System Perspective on Institutional Reform

This article addresses the pattern of public-private sector partnerships in agricultural research in India, and outlines the implications for policy reforms. The researchers use the innovation system framework to analyse the factors that shape the relationship between the public and private sectors. They use detailed cases studies to illustrate the difficulties and capabilities of public-private interactions.

The paper concludes that although an agricultural innovation system is emerging in India, public-private interactions are neither widespread nor effective. Historically, the administration practices of public agencies have hindered interaction between the public and private sectors. The authors argue that institutional learning and experimentation could change the agricultural research system in India.