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Developing Countries & Global Climate Change: Electric power options in India

Electricity consumption in India has more than doubled in the past decade, and demand is continuing to outstrip supply. Despite large investment into the power generation sector, India suffers from an electricity deficit and peak supply shortages.

This paper has three parts, an overview of electricity in India; models, scenarios and results for future electric options in India; and conclusions. It examines the government's role in electricity generation, the source fuels used for generation, and problems associated with power distribution. The results of the model and scenarios lead to the conclusion that the near-exclusive government ownership, a supply-side orientation, and tariff distortions led to an unsustainable path before 1990. A more flexible energy and technology mix would provide a useful hedging strategy for sustaining demand in the future.

An excellent, comprehensive analysis, with useful background and various energy scenarios make this important reading for anyone interested in India's energy future.