The descriptions of the [tuberculosis] hotspots in Return of the White Plague paint a frightening picture. Dormant tuberculosis infections are frequently reactivated by HIV infection with devastating results. AIDS kills a sizable proportion of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, often with terminal tuberculosis. The spread of HIV in these countries has been accelerated by political blindness at the highest level.
Link to full book review in Nature
Reference: Nature 427, 295 (2004)