Warning Sign from Costa Rica's Environmental Service Payment Programme: "Hunting, Forest Fires and Forest Product Collection Prohibited"
Global efforts to conserve biodiversity in developing countries through indirect methods — such as encouraging sustainable use of resources or tying development of schools, wells or clinics to preservation — have provided few examples of success, they say.
Instead the authors advocate direct incentives such as those now common in the United States, Australia and Europe: land purchases and leases, as well as performance payments and tax relief. They argue that such systems can be simpler to administer, more cost-efficient, and more beneficial to the resource users.
Link to Science article
Photo credit: Subhrendu K. Pattanayak