Developing countries are increasingly recognising the importance of science in developing their economies, and the challenges that entails.
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The STEPS Centre (Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability Centre), at University of Sussex, is creating a manifesto to recommend ways of linking science to development for a sustainable future. The document is intended as an update to 'The Sussex Manifesto' published in 1970.
The website includes articles outlining the project, explaining why a new manifesto is needed and broadly outlining the proposed contents. It also publishes multimedia material — including blogs, video and images — from roundtable events that are being used to help shape the manifesto's agenda.
An interactive timeline of key events in science for development is available, as well as a list of key documents and links.
The IRD is a French public science and technology research institute that conducts research, consultancy and training towards supporting sustainable development in developing countries. The main interest focuses on the relationship between people and the environment, including diseases such as malaria. The IRD website can be read in either French or English, and has background information and press releases on its research activities, and a list of sponsored research centres throughout Central Africa.
The Institute for the Study of International Migration was founded in 1998 and is affiliated with the law centre at Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States. ISIM focuses on all aspects of international migration, including the causes of and potential responses to population movements, immigration and refugee law and policy, comparative migration studies, the integration of immigrants into their host societies, and the effects of international migration on social, economic, demographic, foreign policy and national security concerns.
This organisation provides the US government with independent scientific analysis and advice on health issues through expert panels, including one on tropical diseases such as malaria. Recent major activities include the launch of a new African Science Academies Development Initiative, with the assistance of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The Institute of Tropical Medicine provides training and research into tropical medicine and veterinary health care in developing countries. Its activities include studies on disease control and healthcare systems, education, clinical care, and support for governments and institutions involved in human and animal health. The website provides information about the institute's activities, including research in biomedical sciences, public health and clinical sciences. It also provides access to information about diagnostic supplies, and to resources such as blogs, networks and meetings about global health.
IASO is an umbrella organisation for 52 national obesity associations across 56 countries. Its mission statement is to "improve global health by promoting the understanding of obesity and weight-related diseases through scientific research and dialogue, whilst encouraging the development of effective policies for their prevention and management."
The organisation is strongly advocacy-based and publishes frequent statements aimed at policymakers on how to tackle obesity. The website also contains detailed data on the global prevalence of obesity. Since obese people are often at high risk for other diseases such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease, the website also outlines these risks, offering links to other relevant associations.
This non-profit organisation aims to develop sustainable ecological farming in Africa and India. ICRISAT's mission is "to help empower 600 million poor people to overcome hunger, poverty and a degraded environment in the dry tropics through better agriculture".
ICRISAT's BioPower initiative aims to ensure that bioenergy research benefits the poor. Its activities include analysing bioenergy trends and understanding their repercussions for the poor, and enabling governments to formulate pro-bioenergy policies that benefit poor people.
The IAS was established in 1986 on the recommendation of the OIC Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH). IAS's stated mission is to "provide an institutional set up for the utilisation of Science and Technology for the development of Islamic countries and humanity at large".
Headquartered in Amman, Jordan, the IAS attempts to serve as a consultative organisation of OIC member countries on matters relating to science and technology; initiate cooperative scientific and technological programmes and activities in science and technology; encourage and promote research on major problems facing OIC member countries; formulate standards of scientific performance and attainment, and to award prizes and honours for outstanding scientific achievements to centres of excellence in all science and technology disciplines.
KAM, run by the Knowledge for Development group at the World Bank, is an interactive benchmarking tool that allows countries to measure their success in creating a knowledge-based economy. KAM uses 81 structural and qualitative variables to describe 132 countries' performance on four key aspects of a knowledge economy: incentive and institutional regimes, education, innovation, and information and communications technologies. These variables help show how well an economy is using knowledge to fuel its socio-economic development.
Policymakers and science and development analysts will find KAM useful for creating interactive scorecards, generating indices, monitoring national performances over time and making inter-country comparisons.
The school is an international postgraduate centre of excellence, devoted to research, education and training, and consultancy, with a focus on malaria. The website details the courses and programmes it offers, and has comprehensive coverage of all aspects of attending the school. There are extensive links, including health information for travelling abroad.
This non-profit organisation funds and coordinates the development of effective and affordable anti-malarial drugs through public-private partnerships. Partners include public health institutions, academic laboratories and pharmaceutical companies, and the World Health Organization's Roll Back Malaria partnership. The website contains relevant news, information and links relating to its wide-ranging project portfolio.
The website of the department of Nuclear Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States, provides information on current and past research in areas including nuclear reactions (fusion and fission) and security. It also hosts reports about nuclear energy's future, and publishes events, sources of information, news and undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The department aims to advance nuclear science and engineering to benefit society and the environment.
The National Academy of Sciences of Bolivia is a public, autonomous institution,dedicated to the promotion of science through research. And fostering science, technology and innovation through its different institutes and affiliated organizations.