Developing countries are increasingly recognising the importance of science in developing their economies, and the challenges that entails.
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Launched in April 2003, this site outlines the Aga Khan University’s activities in medical and research ethics, and includes information about the research ethics committee, hospital ethics committee and bioethics group. Following receipt of a two-year developmental grant from the Fogarty International Centre / US National Institute of Health, the "Pakistan Bioethics Programme: Gateway to the Islamic World" is being developed. Plans are underway to offer a Masters in Bioethics, as well as certificate courses in research ethics, clinical ethics, bioethics education, and health equity, policy and ethics.
AgBioWorld brings information about technological advances in agriculture to the developing world. Members include scientists, physicians, professors and others who believe that recent developments in plant science — such as biotechnology — can and should be used to increase crop yields, grow more nutritious plants and reduce dependence on chemicals in order to alleviate hunger and help preserve the environment. AgBioWorld is used by many scientists, but is also relevant to teachers, journalists and the general public. The site is kept fairly up-to-date — comments and reports are usually added in response to significant events, and there is also a discussion group
The network is in collaboration with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the African Biotechnology Stakeholders Forum (ABSF), and aims to supply information on biotechnology. By connecting researchers, breeders, farmers, entrepreneurs, journalists, policy makers and donors, ABNETA supports those wanting to develop, discuss or use biotechnology.
AEGiS, a non-profit organization that is a web-based reference for HIV/AIDS information. AEGiS is a virtual HIV/AIDS library containing reference materials and late-breaking information from HIV/AIDS-specific publications and news sources from around the world. The site disseminates and archives information daily, offers e-communication lines, such as an Ask the Doc forum and documents pandemics via global historical database.
AVAC is a community and consumer-based organisation dedicated to accelerating the development and availability of an HIV vaccine through independent analysis, policy advocacy, education and mobilisation. The website contains extensive and regularly updated news and progress reports on vaccine development, including the new AIDS Vaccine Clearing House
containing FAQs, documents, and links to all the major sponsors of HIV vaccine trials, with additional specific information and links available in Thai, Spanish, Portuguese and French.
AIDSchannel is a multimedia web portal - hosted by OneWorld.net
- for the exchange and sharing of news and information about HIV/AIDS. In particular it aims to promote sustainable development, social justice and human rights around the world. Resources include news, analysis, guest editorials, a weekly email digest and radio exchange. The site links to a searchable database of 1,500 member organisations, including NGOs, governments, research institutions and media.
This HIV/AIDS web portal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (publisher of Science) ceased operating in December 2003, but remains an important archive of documents relating to AIDS prevention, treatment and vaccine development. The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
has taken over the role of reviewing and highlighting recently published scientific literature.
A well-organised service from the US Department of Health and Human Services, AIDSinfo provides news and up-to-date information on all aspects of HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention. This educational resource is conveniently divided into sections aimed at different levels of technical expertise: patients and the general public, health care professionals, and researchers. The site includes information on all federally approved treatments, HIV/AIDS research, links and an extensive glossary of scientific and medical HIV/AIDS terms (in both English and Spanish). The site also contains a database of international clinical trials
for HIV vaccines and treatments, including in Africa and Asia.
Aidspan is a relatively new independent non-profit organisation based in New York that provides critical analysis, news and comment on the activities of the Global Fund. It publishes a regular newsletter, the Global Fund Observer
, and guidance to developing countries on how to apply for Global Fund support for HIV/AIDS projects.
The Alliance is an initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research in collaboration with the World Health Organisation and has 310 members in over 70 developing countries. Concerned with the effectiveness of health policy and systems research, the Alliance recognises that health systems currently vary greatly in their performance. It considers that there is an urgent need to improve understanding about how societies organise themselves to achieve health goals, including how they plan, manage and finance activities to improve health, the roles played by different actors in these efforts, and the need to provide scientifically sound, socially relevant and ethically acceptable guidance. The site links to a number of useful resources, including relevant reports, the online international journal for equity in health and online tutorials.
The Alliance for Microbicide Development brings together pharmaceutical companies, non-profit research institutions and advocacy groups dedicated to the development of topical microbicides. A major highlight of its website is the new Microbicides Research and Development Database
. This contains detailed information on the status of individual microbicide products, principle investigators and trial locations. (Free registration is needed for access, and some information is restricted). There is also an excellent weekly digest of news relating to microbicides reserach and development, and the Microbicide Quarterly
, which has meeting reports, interviews and expert-authored articles on all areas from basic research to clinical and regulatory issues.
AmFAR is a major non-profit organisation that provides funding for AIDS research, prevention, treatment education and advocacy, including a number of global initiatives
. The site also includes background information - such as a useful 'basic facts' factsheet
- and an extensive glossary on HIV/AIDS related terms.
This website provides information on how the organisation Amnesty International uses geospatial technologies to track human rights violations. It provides access to the Science for Human Rights Explorer, a tool that allows users to compare 'before and after' satellite and aerial images of places where human rights violations have occurred. The website also includes a link to Amnesty International's programme Eyes on Syria, an interactive platform that maps information related to human rights abuses in Syria.
TIMSS is an international study of science and mathematics achievement of schoolchildren carried out in four-year cycles. The purpose of the study is to help developing countries measure the science and maths scores of their students, compare these across participating countries and assess the impact of educational reforms. This achieved by putting in place and streamlining systems and processes to collect standardised academic achievement data. Sixty-one countries are participating in the 2007 study, including 15 Arab countries. The website hosts TIMSS-related documents for the Arab world including regional and country reports of the 2003 study.
Ashoka supports social entrepreneurs — people committed to solving social problems with innovative ideas — to influence policymakers and bring about social change. Ashoka's network includes business entrepreneurs, policymakers, investors, academics, and journalists who work together to build infrastructure, such as access to financing and connections between business and academia,
The website publishes detailed information on Ashoka's activities including articles, blogs, video and audio. It also provides access to a directory of fellows (entrepreneurs) working in 60 countries and across sectors.
APBioNet is a non-profit, nongovernmental organisation that focuses on the promotion of bioinformatics in the Asia Pacific region. Since 1998, it has helped develop a bioinformatics network infrastructure, facilitated the exchange of data and information, run training programs, workshops and symposia, and encouraged collaborations in the field of bioinformatics with an Asia Pacific focus.
The APMRN was established in 1995 as a research project of the Management of Social Transformations (MOST) Programme of UNESCO, with its secretariat located at the University of Wollongong, Australia. The APMRN is a collaborative organisation of researchers and scholars interested in all aspects of migration, who are organised through autonomous regional networks including Australia, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. The central focus of the project is the long-term role of migration and ethno-cultural diversity as factors in transforming the societies of the Asia-Pacific Region.
The Asia-Pacific Nanotechnology Forum is an independent, non-profit network for policy makers, industry, academics and investors in the Asia-Pacific region. Funded by local governments, it seeks to catalyse the development of nanotechnology research and development. The APNF hosts an annual conference and publishes a quarterly journal
This online resource centre, run by the Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer and Technology, aims to raise policymakers' awareness of the importance of innovation for sustainable economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region.
The website features a directory of grassroots innovations and traditional knowledge. It also publishes information on discussion forums, workshops and seminars, as well as detailed case studies of innovation systems and policy measures in several countries. It provides inks to useful resources and relevant organisations by country.
The Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) is an inter-governmental network whose primary purposes are to foster global environmental change research in the Asia-Pacific region, increase developing country participation in that research, and to strengthen links between the science community and policy makers. It promotes, encourages and supports research activities on long-term global changes in climate, ocean and terrestrial systems, and on related physical, chemical, biological and socio-economic processes.