Developing countries are increasingly recognising the importance of science in developing their economies, and the challenges that entails.
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Less than one-tenth of all population-based research into dementia has been directed towards the two-thirds or more of all people with dementia who live in developing parts of the world — thus, the name "10/66".
Part of the Alzheimer's Disease International Network, 10/66 is a group of researchers who encourage active collaboration between research groups in different developing countries and between developed and developing countries. The research projects have included pilot studies to establish a method for diagnosing dementia in populations with very little formal education; qualitative studies to understand the experience of people with dementia and their carers; intervention studies that investigate whether local community health workers can contribute to care by identifying people who need help; and population-based studies to quantify prevalence and incidence in developing countries.
The 10/66 Group is part of Alzheimer's Disease International and is coordinated through Prof. Martin Prince from the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London.
The Information for Development Program (infoDev), run by the World Bank, coordinates action between multilateral and bilateral donors and forms partnerships with public and private organisations to maximise the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
It publishes news, briefing papers, toolkits, reports and videos about key issues and projects and provides coverage of recent and ongoing infoDev activities.
infoDev covers three themes: access for all; mainstreaming ICT; and innovation, entrepreneurship and growth. These encompass topics such as rural livelihoods, health, governance, and monitoring and evaluation.
The Shanghai Jiao Tong Academic Ranking of World Universities provides rankings compiled each year from 2003 onwards. Universities are ranked using a combination of indicators of academic and research performance such as Nobel Prize winners, highly cited researchers and number of articles published in Nature and Science.
The authors explain how the data is compiled and present summary statistics by region and country, as well as a full list of the top 500 institutions worldwide.
ASSAf promotes all disciplines of scientific thinking and is recognised as a prestigious national network of top ranking scientists. The academy has two publications ― Quest and South African Journal of Science ― and produces regular reports and a newsletter, Science for Society. Research funding and national events are listed and the academy hosts guest lectures. There are two annual awards for outstanding achievement.
ASM advises the Malaysian government on issues of science and technology to upgrade the capabilities of the nation. The academy prepares relevant policy reports and publishes the ASM Journal for the dissemination of significant research. The site acts as a forum, linking the scientific community with policy makers.
An international non-governmental organisation run from Canada (formerly known as RAFI — the Rural Advancement Foundation International). Dedicated to the 'socially responsible development of technologies useful to rural societies', the ETC group has taken the lead on various campaigns on the impact of intellectual property on agriculture and world food security. The website includes ETC 'comment' articles which are generally opposed to GM technology.
ABSF aims to create an enabling environment in which Africa can participate and benefit from biotechnology in a responsible and sustainable manner. The association — through the dissemination of information — aims to enhance an understanding and awareness of all aspects of biotechnology including bio-safety and intellectual property rights. The news and features section mostly contains short information and opinion pieces giving perspectives of scientists and policy-makers in Africa.
AfricaLink, run by USAID, offers technical assistance to regional networks of African policymakers and scientists working in agriculture, natural resource management, and the environment. Specific services offered include access to electronic mail, resource centres and technical support desks, and training programmes for network leaders.
The AAS is a not-for-profit organisation promoting the growth of scientific and technological capabilities to support development in Africa. Its website outlines each of the organisation's activities including capacity building, training, publication and dissemination of scientific materials, research and development, and advocacy.
The African AIDS Vaccine Programme was conceived in June 2000 as a network of African experts, working together to promote and facilitate HIV vaccine research and evaluation in Africa. Sponsored by WHO-UNAIDS, its mission is to advocate and support a coordinated effort to contribute to the global HIV vaccine development goals, ensuring that appropriate and affordable vaccines are developed for Africa in the shortest possible time.
The ACTS is an international, intergovernmental think-tank based in Nairobi that publishes and disseminates new information on science, technology and environmental policy. It runs research and capacity-building programmes in biodiversity and environmental governance, science and technology literacy, energy and water security, agriculture and food security, technological advances and health policy. It is also involved in national, regional and international outreach activities, working with universities and governments in Africa and beyond.
This UN Development Programme initiative helps drought-prone countries prepare for extreme weather events and reduce anticipated negative impacts. The website includes succinct overviews of drought-risk in individual African countries, as well as a comprehensive links section pointing to relevant networks, research centres, regional organisations and other sources of information, often in developing countries.
AJOL is an online database that hosts more than 400 peer-reviewed, African-published research journals. Over a quarter of these journals are open access. The website provides access to tables of contents, abstracts and links to full-text articles in PDF format, as well as author guidelines and contact details for each journal. It also provides useful resources for researchers and publishers.
AMANET promotes capacity building in African research and training institutes that specialise in malaria studies. Its objectives include promoting collaboration among stakeholders, creating international awareness about the malaria problem in Africa, identifying test sites, developing infrastructure and support for field and clinical trials, and increasing good management practices in malaria research. AMANET produces a biannual online newsletter to disseminate research findings and grant and workshop calls. It also hosts a discussion forum for registered members.
AMCOST provides a forum for formulating and implementing policies for science, technology and innovation issues that have an impact on African development. It was established by the New Partnership for Africa’s Development and the African Union in November 2003, and has since developed and adopted Africa’s Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action.
AMCOST's website outlines ongoing projects in biodiversity, energy, water, material sciences, mathematics and space science technologies, among others. It also offers information on the activities and rationale behind both the African Panel on Biotechnology and the African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators Initiative.
AFRO-NETS is a network of more than 20 health research institutes and networks
. It was established in 1997 to facilitate the exchange of information among networks involved in health research for development in Anglophone Africa. It runs an electronic mailing list
that acts as a forum for discussion to support collaboration in the fields such as capacity building, planning and conducting research, and transformation of research recommendations. The list also serves as a forum for announcing meetings, training courses and other events of interest to the networks.
The African Scientific Network is a US-based organisation that aims to foster a bond between African scientists abroad (it has over 2000 members), and to facilitate collaboration with scientific activities in Africa. Its three main activities are the "African Scientific CD-ROM project", two "Physics in Africa Session", and the establishment of over 20 discipline-based groups and several alumni group.
The ATDF provides a place for inventors, business bureaus and technology transfer agents to exchange and disseminate information on innovations, technologies, business opportunities and trends in global trade. It aims to stimulate links between research organisations, industry and government. It also helps organise trade fairs and publishes a free online journal for research on science, technology and innovation for African development.
The ATPS is a multidisciplinary network of researchers, policymakers and other stakeholders interested in generating, promoting and strengthening innovative technology and industrial policies in Africa. It provides small grants for research on science and technology policy in sub-Saharan countries and disseminates results through publications, workshops, conferences and the Internet. The network also organises training for policymakers, legislators, researchers and leaders in the private sector.
AfroAIDSinfo is a web-based project of the South African Medical Research Council, which disseminates information about HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa to the media, researchers, health professionals, the public, educators and policy makers. The site has news and resources including research briefings, policy reports and health information, with a particular emphasis on access to antiretroviral drugs.