Developing countries are increasingly recognising the importance of science in developing their economies, and the challenges that entails.
Research initiatives/academic groups
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Less than one-tenth of all population-based research into dementia has been directed towards the two-thirds or more of all people with dementia who live in developing parts of the world — thus, the name "10/66".
Part of the Alzheimer's Disease International Network, 10/66 is a group of researchers who encourage active collaboration between research groups in different developing countries and between developed and developing countries. The research projects have included pilot studies to establish a method for diagnosing dementia in populations with very little formal education; qualitative studies to understand the experience of people with dementia and their carers; intervention studies that investigate whether local community health workers can contribute to care by identifying people who need help; and population-based studies to quantify prevalence and incidence in developing countries.
The 10/66 Group is part of Alzheimer's Disease International and is coordinated through Prof. Martin Prince from the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London.
The Shanghai Jiao Tong Academic Ranking of World Universities provides rankings compiled each year from 2003 onwards. Universities are ranked using a combination of indicators of academic and research performance such as Nobel Prize winners, highly cited researchers and number of articles published in Nature and Science.
The authors explain how the data is compiled and present summary statistics by region and country, as well as a full list of the top 500 institutions worldwide.
ASSAf promotes all disciplines of scientific thinking and is recognised as a prestigious national network of top ranking scientists. The academy has two publications ― Quest and South African Journal of Science ― and produces regular reports and a newsletter, Science for Society. Research funding and national events are listed and the academy hosts guest lectures. There are two annual awards for outstanding achievement.
ASM advises the Malaysian government on issues of science and technology to upgrade the capabilities of the nation. The academy prepares relevant policy reports and publishes the ASM Journal for the dissemination of significant research. The site acts as a forum, linking the scientific community with policy makers.
The African AIDS Vaccine Programme was conceived in June 2000 as a network of African experts, working together to promote and facilitate HIV vaccine research and evaluation in Africa. Sponsored by WHO-UNAIDS, its mission is to advocate and support a coordinated effort to contribute to the global HIV vaccine development goals, ensuring that appropriate and affordable vaccines are developed for Africa in the shortest possible time.
The ACTS is an international, intergovernmental think-tank based in Nairobi that publishes and disseminates new information on science, technology and environmental policy. It runs research and capacity-building programmes in biodiversity and environmental governance, science and technology literacy, energy and water security, agriculture and food security, technological advances and health policy. It is also involved in national, regional and international outreach activities, working with universities and governments in Africa and beyond.
AMANET promotes capacity building in African research and training institutes that specialise in malaria studies. Its objectives include promoting collaboration among stakeholders, creating international awareness about the malaria problem in Africa, identifying test sites, developing infrastructure and support for field and clinical trials, and increasing good management practices in malaria research. AMANET produces a biannual online newsletter to disseminate research findings and grant and workshop calls. It also hosts a discussion forum for registered members.
Launched in April 2003, this site outlines the Aga Khan University’s activities in medical and research ethics, and includes information about the research ethics committee, hospital ethics committee and bioethics group. Following receipt of a two-year developmental grant from the Fogarty International Centre / US National Institute of Health, the "Pakistan Bioethics Programme: Gateway to the Islamic World" is being developed. Plans are underway to offer a Masters in Bioethics, as well as certificate courses in research ethics, clinical ethics, bioethics education, and health equity, policy and ethics.
The Alliance for Microbicide Development brings together pharmaceutical companies, non-profit research institutions and advocacy groups dedicated to the development of topical microbicides. A major highlight of its website is the new Microbicides Research and Development Database
. This contains detailed information on the status of individual microbicide products, principle investigators and trial locations. (Free registration is needed for access, and some information is restricted). There is also an excellent weekly digest of news relating to microbicides reserach and development, and the Microbicide Quarterly
, which has meeting reports, interviews and expert-authored articles on all areas from basic research to clinical and regulatory issues.
TIMSS is an international study of science and mathematics achievement of schoolchildren carried out in four-year cycles. The purpose of the study is to help developing countries measure the science and maths scores of their students, compare these across participating countries and assess the impact of educational reforms. This achieved by putting in place and streamlining systems and processes to collect standardised academic achievement data. Sixty-one countries are participating in the 2007 study, including 15 Arab countries. The website hosts TIMSS-related documents for the Arab world including regional and country reports of the 2003 study.
APBioNet is a non-profit, nongovernmental organisation that focuses on the promotion of bioinformatics in the Asia Pacific region. Since 1998, it has helped develop a bioinformatics network infrastructure, facilitated the exchange of data and information, run training programs, workshops and symposia, and encouraged collaborations in the field of bioinformatics with an Asia Pacific focus.
The APMRN was established in 1995 as a research project of the Management of Social Transformations (MOST) Programme of UNESCO, with its secretariat located at the University of Wollongong, Australia. The APMRN is a collaborative organisation of researchers and scholars interested in all aspects of migration, who are organised through autonomous regional networks including Australia, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. The central focus of the project is the long-term role of migration and ethno-cultural diversity as factors in transforming the societies of the Asia-Pacific Region.
The Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) is an inter-governmental network whose primary purposes are to foster global environmental change research in the Asia-Pacific region, increase developing country participation in that research, and to strengthen links between the science community and policy makers. It promotes, encourages and supports research activities on long-term global changes in climate, ocean and terrestrial systems, and on related physical, chemical, biological and socio-economic processes.
Located in Thailand, AIT provides education in technology, engineering, science, planning and management. Its mission is to promote technology for sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific region through education, research and outreach. The institute also has a centre in Viet Nam.
The AAU, based in Accra, promotes consultation, exchange of information and cooperation among higher education institutes in Africa. It provides fellowships and small grants for postgraduate studies and staff exchanges. It also runs programmes to study higher education management and assure the quality of its member institutions. The website gives summaries of all these activities and links to AAU newsletters and publications. It also offers a list of online resources relevant to higher education in Africa.
The Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs of the John F. Kennedy School of Government undertakes research, teaching, and training in science and technology policy, and other areas.
Part of the centre's mission is to provide policy-relevant knowledge on science and technology policy. The centre’s research activities include the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, a multidisciplinary research area which draws on political science, economics, management, and law to study problems where science, technology, and policy intersect.
The Beyond Rio Resource Centre, run by the Sussex Climate Change Network at the University of Sussex, UK, offers information about new ideas and practical solutions for sustainability. It is aimed at practitioners, policymakers, academics and students interested in sustainable development. The website publishes information on two overarching themes — the green economy and institutional frameworks — and seven critical issues, including food, water and energy. It includes open access publications supporting these themes, and a wide range of briefings, project reports, website links and films.
This up-to-date and comprehensive website from the American Journal of Bioethics covers a wide range of issues in bioethics, including articles on research ethics. The site is very useful for monitoring current controversies and developments but other links provide more useful resources specifically related to research in developing countries (such as the list of educational resources
Covering a broad range of fields, The Brazilian Academy of Sciences stimulates scientific research and promotes science as a tool for economic development. Recent funding from the Federal Government has allowed the academy to develop a programme of events, make resources available to projects, and establish links and interact with the international scientific community. The official journal of the Academy is the quarterly Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, which publishes original research findings in the fields covered by the Academy.
The Center for International Science and Technology Policy is part of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. The center undertakes research and teaching on issues related to science, technology, and public policy. The center also carries out research projects for a variety of government and non-government sponsors.